Animals Australia filmed cows, in an abattoir where Australian cattle are slaughtered, strung up by a leg, writhing, with their throats only partially slit.
Lyn White recorded the images in one of Turkey's largest cities in late July and earlier this month and released footage at parliament house this morning.
One sheep's neck was simply stabbed at by an abattoir worker at a facility which did pass Australian export standards because it animals are not tethered by the leg and strung up alive.
Sheep were left crouching on metal runners, slowly bleeding to death.
Another sheep, unable to stand on its front legs, was grabbed by a worker and tied by its back leg to be put on a conveyer belt to slaughter workers.
Ms White said Turkey was a new export market for Australian livestock which have been sent to the Middle East country for the past 18 months.
"They're breaking international standards regularly,'' Ms White said.
Ms White said practices in Turkey were "more automated'' but just as appalling as treatment of cattle in Indonesia abattoirs with footage of cows suffering there leading to the temporary shutdown of the export trade.
Cattle farmers in the Northern Territory were left devastated.
The latest footage of animals being mistreated in Turkey has been supplied to Agriculture Minister Joe Ludwig.
Mr Ludwig temporarily banned live exports to Indonesia but allowed the trade to resume earlier this month with exporters now having to prove animals would be slaughtered humanely.
Independent MP Andrew Wilkie and Greens MP Adam Bandt brought legislation to ban live exports.
They were the only two MPs to vote for the legislation with Coalition and Labor MPs voting together.