A developmental metaphor for psychological change is that of transformation or metamorphosis.
In the following excerpt, the change metaphor is symbolized by the physical metamorphosis of a caterpillar into a butterfly.
“Several years ago, I was working with client who was virtually obsessed with that metaphor. He was also painfully impatient to make the transition from the ‘worm’ he had been to the ‘wings’ that he so desperately desired. He longed for the day that he would awaken to find that he had ‘shed’ his old self and finally emerged into a new form of being. From then on , he thought, he would be free of his past and his life would be blissful. Then one day he arrived for a session in unusually relaxed mood. When I commented on his apparent peace with himself, he related a brief story he had just heard from a friend who had just returned from a workshop where the transformation metaphor had been discussed. The workshop leader had talked about early scientists attempts artificially to accelerate the rate of metamorphosis. When one researcher discovered a way substantially to reduce the duration of the pupal (cocoon) stage, it was considered a major breakthrough. He had found that slowly raising the temperature surrounding the transforming organism accelerated their metabolic rates so that they emerged from their cocoons in much less time than usual. The discovery had been heralded for several months as a bona-fide miracle of science, but its promise was soon shown to be premature. Other investigators were able to replicate the original findings, but they noticed something that had been overlooked by the pioneering scientist. Although the experimental organisms spent less time in the pupal stage, they emerged with a common defect: their wings had not fully developed and they were incapable of flying. With that concluding statement, my clients sighed deeply and said “I guess I’ll just have to learn patience”. Michael J Mahoney, 1991. Human Change Processes: Principles of Developmental Psychotherapy: p275. Basic Books.
Diabetes is a condition where the body can’t process sugar properly. This causes high levels of sugar in the blood and that can make it difficult for the body to work properly.
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.
With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make the hormone insulin. Insulin tells cells to take sugar out of the blood and into the cell to give it energy.
In type 2 diabetes, the body makes insulin but the cells don’t respond to it properly.
Type 1 diabetes usually starts in childhood while type 2 diabetes typically starts in middle age and predominantly affects people who are overweight.
Diabetes can cause:
People with type 2 diabetes may be able to reverse the disease or prevent it from having adverse effects by losing weight.
If this is unsuccessful, they will need medication. Eventually, most people with type 2 diabetes will need insulin.
Generally people with diabetes are cared for by a team of healthcare professionals, which may include a general practitioner, specialist endocrinologist, diabetes educator, dietician, exercise physiologist, and a podiatrist - person who looks after feet.
Written by: Dr Kathy Kramer, GP, Coffs Harbour, NSW http://www.itsmyhealth.com.au/conditions/diabetes For comprehensive information about Diabetes, go to:- http://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/
Chemicals in cosmetics linked to diabetes, Swedish study says
From: News Core. April 13, 201210:22PM
A CHEMICAL commonly used in cosmetics and plastics could increase the likelihood of Type 2 diabetes, a Swedish study has found.
Researchers from the University of Uppsala, eastern Sweden, tested 1016 people aged 70 for chemicals called phthalates, which are used to soften plastics and in cosmetics such as perfume and fake tan.
Even after taking into account other factors that can lead to diabetes, such as being overweight and smoking, the researchers found that those people with higher levels of phthalate chemicals in their bloodstream were more likely to develop diabetes.
"The findings in this cross-sectional study showed that several phthalate metabolites are related to diabetes prevalence," the study, published in the journal Diabetes Care, said.
"These findings support the view that these commonly used chemicals might influence major factors that are regulating glucose metabolism in humans at the level of exposure ... seen in the general elderly population," the authors added.