There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.
With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make the hormone insulin. Insulin tells cells to take sugar out of the blood and into the cell to give it energy.
In type 2 diabetes, the body makes insulin but the cells don’t respond to it properly.
Type 1 diabetes usually starts in childhood while type 2 diabetes typically starts in middle age and predominantly affects people who are overweight.
Diabetes can cause:
- Heart attacks
- Peripheral vascular disease, which can cause skin ulcers
- Damaged nerves, causing numbness, pain, or weakness
- Kidney failure
- Increased risk of infections.
People with type 2 diabetes may be able to reverse the disease or prevent it from having adverse effects by losing weight.
If this is unsuccessful, they will need medication. Eventually, most people with type 2 diabetes will need insulin.
Generally people with diabetes are cared for by a team of healthcare professionals, which may include a general practitioner, specialist endocrinologist, diabetes educator, dietician, exercise physiologist, and a podiatrist - person who looks after feet.
Written by: Dr Kathy Kramer, GP, Coffs Harbour, NSW http://www.itsmyhealth.com.au/conditions/diabetes For comprehensive information about Diabetes, go to:- http://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/
Chemicals in cosmetics linked to diabetes, Swedish study says
From: News Core. April 13, 201210:22PM
A CHEMICAL commonly used in cosmetics and plastics could increase the likelihood of Type 2 diabetes, a Swedish study has found.
Researchers from the University of Uppsala, eastern Sweden, tested 1016 people aged 70 for chemicals called phthalates, which are used to soften plastics and in cosmetics such as perfume and fake tan.
Even after taking into account other factors that can lead to diabetes, such as being overweight and smoking, the researchers found that those people with higher levels of phthalate chemicals in their bloodstream were more likely to develop diabetes.
"The findings in this cross-sectional study showed that several phthalate metabolites are related to diabetes prevalence," the study, published in the journal Diabetes Care, said.
"These findings support the view that these commonly used chemicals might influence major factors that are regulating glucose metabolism in humans at the level of exposure ... seen in the general elderly population," the authors added.